What is a Developmental Disability?
A developmental disability is a disability diagnosed as a mental or physical condition or a combination of mental and physical conditions resulting in significant impairments to daily functioning.
The disability must:
- have its origin in the brain
- be established prior to the age of 22 or in the case of intellectual disability the condition must be determined before 18 years of age
- be expected to last indefinitely
- result in significant impairments in at least two areas of daily functioning:
- capacity for independent living
- economic self-sufficiency
- not be primarily related to: mental illness, substance abuse, an emotional disorder, Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a learning disability or sensory impairment
The most common developmental disabilities include:
- intellectual disability
- Down Syndrome
- cerebral palsy
- fetal alcohol effect or fetal alcohol syndrome